Kidney function ppt

OVERVIEW OF KIDNEY FUNCTIONS Excretion of wastes and other foreign substances. Regulation of blood ionic composition. Regulation of blood pH. Production of hormones. Regulation of blood pressure. Regulation of blood volume. Maintenance of blood osmolarity. Regulation of blood glucose level Kidney Functions Regulation of water, electrolyte balance, pH Removal of waste from blood and excretion of urine

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  1. 2. Introduction The main functional unit of kidney is nephron each kidney consists of millions of nephrons Urine is formed by the following mechanism 1.glomerular filtration 2.tubular reabsorbtion 3.tubular secretion. 3
  2. Kidney - Kidney The kidneys are paired organs, which have the production of urine as their primary function | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view Acute Kidney Injury (ARF) - Acute Kidney Injury (ARF) By: Dr. Hatim Ahmed Hassan Senior Registrar PICU Imaging Ultrasound Useful in Post renal AKI
  3. Functions of the kidney Regulation e.g. homeostasis ,water, acid/base Excretion e.g. uric acid, urea, creatinine Endocrine e.g. renin, erythropoietin, Calcitriol or - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 485485-MmQw
  4. This was done as a Student presentation on the kidney. Here following topics are covered. Macroscopic structure of the urinary system Microscopic anatomy of the urinary system Functions of the nephron Renal blood supply Kidneys and blood pressure regulation Structure of ureters and urinary bladder to perform its function Renal failur
  5. or inconvenience to the patient. This test requires a water deprivation for 14 hrs inhealthy individuals. A specific gravity of > 1.02 indicates normalconcentrating power. Specific gravity of 1.008 to 1.010 is isotonic withplasma and indicates no work done by kidneys. The test should not be performed on a dehydratedpatient
  6. The concept for this slide is to review the GFR calculations before we get to staging. A chance for you to share the GFR is dependent on age/race/gender and SCr before you share the patient's GFR. Commonly patients think 1 kidney is 100% and 1 kidney is 0% for a total of 50%. Also, you will often have nephrectomies
  7. Renal Physiology - Renal Physiology The kidneys 5 functions Regulation of body fluid volume Regulation of Osmolarity & Ion Balance Regulation of pH Excretion of Wastes | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to vie

3) production of vasodilatory substances Other Functions of the Kidney Catabolism of small peptide hormones, such as insulin (decreased nephron mass therefore leads to decreased insulin catabolism and resultant longer circulating half-life of insulin) Kidney can produce glucose via gluconeogenesis during fasting Kidney is responsible for elimination of many medications, thus,changes in kidney function will change plasma concentrations of these drugs Concept of Balance Neutral balance refers. The kidneys also produce hormones that affect the function of other organs. For example, a hormone produced by the kidneys stimulates red blood cell production. Other hormones produced by the kidneys help regulate blood pressure and control calcium metabolism. The kidneys are powerful chemical factories that perform the following functions Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) •A progressive decline in kidney function Decreased filtration Progresses to end stage renal disease Dialysis or kidney transplant Definition: a decreased glomerular filtration rate or signs of kidney damage that persist >3 months •Occurs over many years Often asymptomati

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residual renal function in all patients with CKD. The formulas are as follows: •CrCl (male) = ([140-age] × weight in kg)/(serum creatinine × 72) •However this has been extensively modified and there are online calculators of eGFR from serum creatinine and body weight of patients •The eGFR is used to determine the stage of chronic kidney diseas As the human kidneys PowerPoint diagram demonstrates, their primary function is to remove the waste products in the blood which in turn are sent through the ureter tubes that are connected to the bladder. The human kidneys PPT provides an ample visual of how the process works Kidney Function Test Market - A recent study on the Kidney Function Test market closely examines the performance of the major market vendors operating in the Kidney Function Test market for the forecast period 2020 to 2027. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to vie Download Kidney PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds

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1. Kidney damage for ≥ 3 months, as defined by structural or functional abnormalities of the kidney, with ou without decreased GFR, manifest by either :-Markers of kidney damage, such as proteinuria, abnormal urinary sediment, or abnormalities in imaging tests 2. GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73m 2 for ≥ 3 months, with or without kidney damag Patients with kidney disease may have a variety of different clinical presentations. Some have symptoms that are directly referable to the kidney (gross hematuria, flank pain) or to extrarenal symptoms (edema, hypertension, signs of uremia). Many patients, however, are asymptomatic and are noted on routine examination to have an elevated serum.

Kidney anatomy and nephron function of the renal system lecture. Learning the anatomy of the kidney is essential when trying to under how disease processes a.. Kidney function tests are group of investigations done to evaluate the function of the kidneys.CHECK THE NOTES FOR THE TUTORIAL HEREhttps://medliteplus.com/k.. View Renal functions.ppt from EDUCATION 12B at Suez Canal University. Renal Renal function function Tests Tests Renal Renal function function tests tests Groups of laboratory assays designed t

Considered the best overall index of kidney function. Normal GFR varies according to age, sex, and body size, and declines with age. The NKF recommends using the CKD-EPI Creatinine Equation (2009) to estimate GFR. Other useful calculators related to kidney disease include MDRD and Cockroft Gault Topic 11.3 The Kidney & Osmoregulation Excretory System Function is to rid the body of toxic waste through excretion Excretion: the removal of waste products of metabolic processes in the body Types of Regulation Osmoconformers: maintain solute concentrations in their body tissues that are isotonic to the surrounding environment kidney structure and function. Subject: Biology. Age range: 14-16. Resource type: Worksheet/Activity. 3.9 7 reviews. sharonr41. 4.075 45 reviews. Last updated Share through pinterest; File previews. ppt, 669 KB ppt, 248.5 KB. gross and fine structure of kidneys. Creative Commons Sharealike Reviews. 3.9 Something went wrong, please try. Blood enters the kidney through the renal arteries and divides into progressively smaller arteries until it enters the glomerular capillary through the afferent arteriole. Under normal resting conditions, RBF is 20% of total cardiac output. RBF to the outer cortex is 2 to 3 times greater than that to the inner cortex Content: 1. Endocrine functions of the kidneys _ Endocrine functions of the kidneys. The kidneys produce three important hormones: erythropoietin, calcitriol (1,25- dihydroxycholecalciferol ) and renin.They also synthesize prostaglandins, which affect many processes in the kidneys. In addition to synthesis , the kidneys also contribute to the degradation of certain hormones - such as.

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The kidney - SlideShar

Summary of Kidney Functions They contribute to homeostasis. They control electrolyte and water balance of the ECF, plus urinary output. If the ECF has an excess of water or electrolytes, the kidneys eliminate the excess. If there is a deficiency of these substances, the kidneys can reduce the loss of these from the body Your kidneys are generally well protected by muscles of the back and rib cage but injuries can occur as a result of blunt or penetrating trauma. The kidney is the most common organ in the urinary tract to be injured by severe trauma. Trauma is injury caused by an external force that may be either blunt—such as a car accident—or penetrating—such as a gunshot wound Stage 3A means your kidney is functioning between 45 and 59 percent. Stage 3B means kidney function is between 30 and 44 percent. The kidneys aren't filtering waste, toxins, and fluids well and. Introduction Even though renal function decline is considered relentless in chronic kidney disease (CKD), improvement has been shown in patients with hypertensive nephropathy. Whether this can occur in any type of nephropathy and at any stage is unknown as are the features of patients who improve. Methods We identified 406 patients in the NephroTest cohort with glomerular filtration rates.

Renal Function Test - SlideShar

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  1. Mitochondria-targeted therapeutics has become a major focus for modern research with the belief that maintaining mitochondria homeostasis can prevent kidney pathogenesis and disease progression. A better understanding of the cellular and molecular events that govern mitochondria functions in health and disease will potentially lead to improved.
  2. excretion or decreased kidney function, quantified by measured or estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR), that persists for more than 3 months [2,3]. Although creatinine clearances can be calculated from urin
  3. Renal Function Test. Renal Function Tests are done to evaluate the kidney function. The mentioned are the few of the renal function tests. Blood tests like serum creatinine, glomerular filtration rate(GFR), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), urea test like urea nitrogen (BUN)provides a rough measurement of the glomerular filtration rate, the rate at which blood is filtered in the kidneys and imaging.

The major functions of the kidneys are to: Secret hormones that help in the production of red blood cell, acid regulation, etc. The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron. Each kidney consists of millions of nephron which plays a significant role in the filtration and purification of blood renal function after acute kidney injury, the com - mon belief was that long-term outcomes were benign.4,17 However, since 2008, multiple obser-vational studies have shown a strong reproduc Visit http://simplenursing.com/free-trial-yt for our full Renal section 7. The treatment of TB in patients with mild renal impairment, and with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) between 30-60ml/min, should be individualised using standard drugs in dose ranges in the lower range of usual recommendations for patients with normal renal function, with careful monitoring of side effects. 8

It can also be called kidney failure, which is the end-stage of kidney disease. 'Acute kidney disease' is where the kidneys recover normal function within three months. 'Chronic kidney disease' is where there is a loss of healthy kidney function for more than three months. Chronic kidney disease is the most common form of kidney disease Download .PPT; Linked Articles. Renal effects of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with diabetes. The progressive worsening of renal function in the context of chronic heart failure constitutes a primordial, albeit insufficiently understood, problem for patient care and management,. •Kidney damage for ≥3 months, as defined by structural or functional abnormalities of kidney, with or without decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), manifest by either: Pathological abnormalities Markers of kidney damage, including abnormalities in composition of blood or urine, or abnormalities in imaging tests•GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (<1.00 mL/s) for ≥3 months, with or without.

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7 Things to Know About Kidney Function National Kidney

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The worldwide burden of kidney disease is rising, but public awareness remains limited, underscoring the need for more effective communication by stakeholders in the kidney health community. Despite this need for clarity, the nomenclature for describing kidney function and disease lacks uniformity. In June 2019, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) convened a Consensus Conference. Acute kidney injury (also called acute renal failure) nursing NCLEX review lecture on the nursing management, stages, pathophysiology, and causes (prerenal,. Introduction. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health issue, with an estimated worldwide prevalence of approximately 13%.[] Persons suffering from CKD are at an increased risk of progression to end stage kidney disease (ESKD), hospitalization, and cardiovascular mortality.[2, 3] As kidney damage is often irreversible, treatment of CKD is aimed at preventing kidney function decline.[

Anatomy of the Kidneys PowerPoint Diagram - PSlide

View Renal Physiology ppt.pptx from KIN 232 at University of Miami. • f ESS 232: Human Physiology RENAL PHYSIOLOGY • The Kidney • Primary Functions • Rid body of waste • Urea (A Start studying MLT105 Week 2- PPT- Intro to Kidney Anatomy and Function (chapters 4 & 5). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Kidney Bioengineering 6000 CV Physiology Overview of Renal Function Kidney Bioengineering 6000 CV Physiology Anatomy/Function of the Kidney • Structure/Function -1% of body mass -25% of resting cardiac output -Passes total blood volume every 4-5 minutes -Filters 180 l per day and reabsorbs 178.5 l of it -Produces 1.5 l of acidi Kidney function is derived from the actions of about 1.3 million nephrons per kidney; these are the functional units. A capillary bed, the glomerulus, filters the blood and the filtrate is captured by the Bowman's capsule. A portal system is formed when the blood flows through a second capillary bed surrounding the proximal and distal.

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Kidney function tests are a vital part of diagnosing and treating disorders that affect the kidneys. Even if a person does not yet have symptoms, some people may need to undergo regular testing KDIGO Guidelines KDIGO guidelines are created, reviewed, published and implemented following a rigorous scientific process. Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Anemia in CKD. Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) Blood Pressure in CKD. CKD Evaluation and Management renal function and potassium levels until values return to baseline. Hydrophilic beta blockers (e.g., atenolol [Tenormin], bisoprolol [Zebeta], nadolol [Corgard], acebutolol [Sectral]) are.

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Chronic kidney disease: This is the result of long-term kidney damage that gradually reduces the function of the kidneys. While some loss of function is tolerable, serious problems develop as kidney function drops below 25%, and life-threatening complications can arise as function drops below 10% to 15% Reabsorption. Excretion. Metabolic degradation. The formula for calculating renal clearance, C, is = K urine × V urine /K plasma, which refers to the concentrations (K) of a substance in urine (K urine) and plasma (K plasma) and the volume (V) of urine (V urine). Clearance can be used to determine GFR, and thus, renal function For non-interactive offline training, download this module (PPT, 4.82 MB) Module 3 - Complications. Who would have thought that declining kidney function could result in anemia and bone disease? Another case study is used to follow Joseph's journey as he tries to lose weight for placement on the kidney transplant list improvement in renal function in most patients. Clinical Presentation Clinical presentation varies with the cause and sever-ity of renal injury, and associated diseases. Most patient The kidneys are essential for homeostasis (maintaining a constant internal environment) of the body's extracellular fluids. Their basic functions include: 1. Regulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs. 2. Regulation of osmolarity

Kidney disease diagnosis

Kidney disease does not tend to cause symptoms when it's at an early stage. This is because the body is usually able to cope with a significant reduction in kidney function. Kidney disease is often only diagnosed at this stage if a routine test for another condition, such as a blood or urine test, detects a possible problem A patient with CRF may not have any symptoms until kidney function declines to 20% or less. At that stage, these signs may appear: abnormal blood and urine tests. high blood pressure. weight loss for no reason. low red blood cell count (anemia) nausea. vomiting

Treatment of CVD and CVD risk factors 2 Kidney damage with mild ( GFR 60-89 Rate of progression Slowing rate of loss of kidney function 1 3 Moderate ( GFR 30-59 Complications Prevention and treatment of complications 4 Severe ( GFR 15-29 Preparation for kidney replacement therap Renal failure is a systemic disease and is a final common pathway of many different kidney and urinary tract diseases. Accumulation. As renal function declines, the end products of protein metabolism (normally excreted in urine) accumulate in the blood. Adverse effects. Uremia develops and adversely affects every system in the body patients with CKD/impaired renal function, using serum eGFR as a reference is safe and acceptable • In situations when patients are very sick, have extremes in body mass (obese vs. thin/frail), or medication chosen has high toxicity - order a 24 hr. urine for the most accurat As you age, your kidneys and bladder change. This can affect their function. Changes in the kidneys that occur with age: Amount of kidney tissue decreases and kidney function diminishes. Number of filtering units (nephrons) decreases. Nephrons filter waste material from the blood. Blood vessels supplying the kidneys can become hardened

Kidney and its Function — Vikaspedi

An estimated 8% to 16% of the world's population has chronic kidney disease, defined by low glomerular filtration rate or albuminuria. Progression of chronic kidney disease is associated with adverse outcomes, including incident kidney failure with replacement therapy, accelerated cardiovascular disease, disability, and mortality. Therefore, slowing kidney function decline is paramount in. Thyroid Functional Disease as a Risk Factor for Kidney Disease. While the mechanistic link between thyroid and kidney disease remains unclear, animal studies have demonstrated that hypothyroidism adversely affects kidney size and structure in both development and adulthood (Figure 1).[] In neonatal rats, hypothyroidism has resulted in reduced kidney-to-body weight ratio, truncated tubular mass. Talk to a renal dietitian (someone who is an expert in diet and nutrition for people with kidney disease) to find a meal plan that works for you. Ask your doctor to help you find a dietitian. Medicare and many private insurance policies will help pay for appointments with dietitians Kidney stones are solid crystals formed from the salts in urine. They are sometimes called renal calculi. Kidney stones can block the flow of urine and cause infection, kidney damage or even kidney failure. They can vary in size and location. The risk of kidney stones is about one in 10 for men and one in 35 for women Over the past few years, clinical renal imaging has seen great advances, allowing assessments of kidney structure and morphology, perfusion, function and metabolism, and oxygenation, as well as microstructure and the interstitium. Medical imaging is becoming increasingly important in the evaluation of kidney physiology and pathophysiology, showing promise in management of patients with renal.

Tubular Functions of Kidney PDF Angiotensin Kidne

http://simplenursing.com/free-trial-yt 1,200+ videos ready to us CKD Classification/Staging. CKD is defined as the presence of kidney damage, manifested by abnormal albumin excretion or decreased kidney function, quantified by measured or estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR), that persists for more than three months 2; 3.Although creatinine clearances can be calculated from urine creatinine concentration measured in a 24 hour urine collection and a.

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Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously known as acute renal failure (ARF), is an acute decline in kidney function, leading to a rise in serum creatinine and/or a fall in urine output. Kidney disease: improving global outcomes (KDIGO) Acute Kidney Injury Work Group. KDIGO clinical practice guideline for acute kidney injury Kidney damage from diabetes can get worse over time. However, you can take steps to keep your kidneys healthy and help slow kidney damage to prevent or delay kidney failure. Kidney failure means that your kidneys have lost most of their ability to function—less than 15 percent of normal kidney function Kidney function is often sufficient if only one kidney is working. That is why people can give a kidney to someone needing a kidney transplant. A change in kidney function is usually discovered through a routine blood or urine test. If you are diagnosed with kidney disease, your kidney function will be monitored with regular blood and urine. Thus, kidney function may be compromised if Addison's is left untreated. Age and genetics seem to be the most common causes of chronic renal failure. Sometimes, over the years a dogs kidney can undergo stress such as increased amounts of toxin, protein etc. So, eventually, kidneys do wear out and lose their function Diabetes educators are critical members of the kidney health care team. Because diabetes is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes educators have a crucial role both in supporting early detection and slowing progression of CKD. Additionally, diabetes educators often have well established relationships with patients when. • Liver function tests are best referred to as liver tests or liver chemistries. Abnormal Liver Tests Abnormal Liver Tests intestine, and kidney, as well as liver •Alkaline phosphatase increase disproportionate to bilirubin level (bilirubin <1.0 mg/dl, alkaline phosphatase >1,000 IU/mL) , •granulomatous or infiltrative disease of the.